Search results for: biomonitoring-air-pollutants-with-plants

Biomonitoring Air Pollutants with Plants

Author : W.J. Manning
File Size : 89.88 MB
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Plants as Biomonitors

Author : Bernd A. Markert
File Size : 21.47 MB
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New Paradigms in Environmental Biomonitoring Using Plants

Author : Supriya Tiwari
File Size : 68.31 MB
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New Paradigms in Environmental Biomonitoring Using Plants highlights and explores the importance of biomonitoring methodologies and the latest updates in the field. The book presents a holistic approach toward the different aspects of biomonitoring, focusing mainly upon the inclusion of newly emerging concepts of environmental genomics, metabarcoding, and cheminformatics and biomarkers, among other technologies; helping to explore and establish a new outlook for biomonitoring frameworks. This book compiles all aspects of biomonitoring including traditional and modern techniques, using a multidimensional approach without focusing on any specific pollutant. Most biomonitoring programs implemented until now have focused more on traditional methods. This book covers new approaches to biomonitoring that could improve on the currently limited capabilities of existing schemes. The book highlights the possible scope for enriching existing datasets and characterizing biodiversity in situ in a far more complete way than has been possible previously. New Paradigms in Environmental Biomonitoring Using Plants will be important for researchers, academics, postgraduates and undergraduate students in environmental, plant, crop and soil sciences, to provide up-to-date and emerging technologies in biomonitoring for environmental assessment, leading to a new vision of biomonitoring. It will also be helpful for risk assessment professionals and stakeholders involved in planning the future biomonitoring programs. Forms a cohesive source of information for technologies of use in environmental monitoring. Discusses newly emerging techniques in biomonitoring, including cutting-edge advances in ecology and genomics. Covers current biomonitoring concepts and programs, and also includes a holistic approach for biomonitoring.

Plant Responses to Air Pollution

Author : Umesh Kulshrestha
File Size : 54.66 MB
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This book focuses upon air pollution, types of air pollutants and their impact on plant physiological and biochemical systems. The book begins with a brief background on air pollution and continues with a discussion on different types, effects, and solutions to the pollution. The chapters that follow, explore the different effects of pollution on chloroplasts, respiration, biochemistry and physiology of plant cells. Moreover, it covers the basic concepts of atmospheric transport and transformations of pollutants, and issues of global change and the use of science in air pollution policy formulation. It also emphasises about the effects of air pollutants in altering plant response to common stresses, both abiotic and biotic - fields by giving the focus on the physiology of plant. This book act as a valuable tool for students in Environmental Science, Biological Science and Agriculture. It will be unique to environmental consultants, researchers and other professionals involved in air quality and plant related research. During past few decades, air pollution and poor air quality have been the issues of common concerns. Degraded air has adverse effects on various system of plants by creating a stress which develops biochemical and physiological disorder in plants. Chronic diseases and/or lower yield have reported consequences of air pollution effect. A large number of biochemical and physiological parameters have been used to assess impact of air pollution on plant health. Photosynthetic machinery and respiratory system are the most affected domain of plants. However, the survival of plants depend on various internal and external factors such as plant community, types of air pollutants, geographical region, meteorological conditions and soil moisture etc. Plants respond to both biotic and abiotic stresses accordingly. Many tolerant plants survive easily even in higher air pollution region. Certain plant species absorbs selected gaseous air pollutants and hence plants are effective tool for air pollution remediation.

Biomonitoring Air Pollutants with Plants

Author : Manning WJ.
File Size : 84.84 MB
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Biomonitoring of Air Quality Using Plants

Author : Angela Mulgrew
File Size : 88.52 MB
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Trace Elements in Terrestrial Plants

Author : Roberto Bargagli
File Size : 80.92 MB
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With its unique collection of case studies, this book provides detailed coverage of metal biomonitoring and bioremediation in terrestrial ecosystems using higher plants, lichens, mosses and fungi. Emphasis is placed on application rather than theory. It gives an exhaustive account of the most reliable procedures for sampling, sample preparation, analytical determinations and interpretation of data. Using an ecophysiological approach, metal uptake by plants and metal transfer along terrestrial food chains are examined.

Biological measuring techniques for the determination and evaluation of effects of air pollutants on plants biomonitoring fundamentals and aims

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File Size : 87.74 MB
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Air Quality

Author : Sneana M. erbula
File Size : 49.20 MB
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The rapid development of industry and technology, the increased demand for using fossil fuels and exploitation of primary raw materials in recent years calls into question sustainability of progress in today's society. Air quality in the world has become one of the leading factors that affect human health, and also inevitably, the condition of the entire environment. For quite long, air pollution has not been just a local problem, whose solution requires a multidisciplinary approach. Uncontrolled emitted waste gases, suspended sludge particles and aerosols are the main substances that have a negative impact on air quality. For this reason, the results of research dealing with monitoring the presence and determining the nature and composition of gaseous, solid and liquid pollutants in the air are very important. Depending on the primary sources, chemical composition and size of aerosols differs, and which influences the deposition rate, the transmission and the ability to incorporate aerosols in the land and in living organisms. In addition, the behavior and the harmful impact of aerosols is determined by reactions with gases, moisture, and their mutual interactions in the troposphere, where the primary aerosols turn into secondary aerosols. In this book, the effects of aerosols on global climate change are also presented. Depending on nature, aerosols in the atmosphere also change the amount of energy reflected from the surface of the Earth, which leads to the greenhouse effect. Primary aerosols of anthropogenic origin, emitted from industrial plants, can contain toxic and carcinogenic substances, which tend to accumulate in the environment and enter the food chain of humans and animals. For that reason, this book describes the content of heavy metals and metalloids in plant material. The greatest contribution to this approach is reflected in identifying the plants which can be used for the purpose of biomonitoring air pollution in the vicinity of plants for pyrometallurgical copper production. This approach is justified, given that the concentration of metals and metalloids in the above-ground parts of plants indicate high concentrations of these elements in the surrounding air. Another aspect to be considered is examining the accumulation and translocation of phytotoxic elements in plants. Also, the content of heavy metals in medicinal plants is shown, in fruits and vegetables sampled in the area of air pollution. The results confirm the ability of pollutants to enter the food chain through plants that people use every day.

Urban Air Pollution Bioindication and Environmental Awareness

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File Size : 37.43 MB
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Clean air is an important condition for sustainable development and is a basic requirement for human health and welfare. Air pollutants also contribute to environmental problems such as acidification, eutrophication and global climate change, with impacts on health, crop productivity, forest growth, biodiversity, and the integrity of buildings and cultural monuments. Air pollution is a transboundary environmental problem which still affects wide areas of Europe and thus requires European solutions.Monitoring techniques are needed that address the physical and chemical aspects of air pollution as well as its adverse effects on living organisms and ecosystems. Bioindicator plants have proved to be effective and reliable tools for the detection and monitoring of air pollutant impacts. Besides, they feature several properties that qualify them especially for environmental communication and education. Thus, they are useful in communicating information on the state of the environment to the public and in performing environmental education programmes aiming at switching to more environmentally sound life styles. These were the topics addressed by the EuroBionet ‘Conference on Urban Air Pollution, Bioindication and Environmental Awareness’. The present publication contains the contributions of experts from twenty countries giving an overview of the present state and the perspectives of using bioindicator plants in air quality control and environmental awareness raising in Europe and elsewhere.