Search results for: biocomputing

Biocomputing

Author : Phillip A. Laplante
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Since the mid-1990s advances in DNA sequencing have enhanced our understanding of humanity and all living things. Driven by these advances, the closely related sciences of Bioinformatics and Biocomputing have become the ultimate interdisciplinary study areas, forever blurring the lines between engineering, biology and computer science and bringing together researchers who ordinarily wouldn't interact. While Bioinformatics largely focuses on the analysis, prediction, imaging and sequencing of genes, the broader, interdisciplinary field of Biocomputing includes the study of biological models of computing using traditional materials, genomic modelling and visualisation, biomaterials for non-traditional computer designs and computer architectures for those materials. In addition, Biocomputing uses the principles and tools of computer science to model or algorithmically specify complex biological information systems and computational systems with life-like capabilities. Biocomputing has manifested numerous government multi-agency programs, including the Human Genome Project, the High Performance Computing & Communications (HPCC) initiative, the Human Brain Project, and other related programs such as the National Information Infrastructure and Digital Libraries initiatives, which have strong bio-related components. This book brings together the latest research in this fast-growing field.

Biocomputing 98 Proceedings Of The Pacific Symposium

Author : Klein Teri E
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The Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing brings together key researchers from the international biocomputing community. PSB is designed to be maximally responsive to the need for critical mass in subdisciplines within biocomputing. These proceedings contain peer-reviewed articles in computational biology.

Biocomputing And Emergent Computation Proceedings Of Bcec97

Author : Olsson Bjorn
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This volume contains papers presented at the BCEC97 conference, held in Skövde, Sweden, in September 1997. The conference brought together researchers from biology and computer science to discuss the use of computational techniques in biology, as well as the use of biological metaphors in computing. Examples of the work presented in these papers include computer simulations of embryogenesis; algorithms for protein folding prediction; problem solving using DNA computation; neural-network learning in retina implants; and optimisation algorithms inspired by natural evolution.

Biocomputing 2019 Proceedings Of The Pacific Symposium

Author : Russ B Altman
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The Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing (PSB) 2019 is an international, multidisciplinary conference for the presentation and discussion of current research in the theory and application of computational methods in problems of biological significance. Presentations are rigorously peer reviewed and are published in an archival proceedings volume. PSB 2019 will be held on January 3 - 7, 2019 in Kohala Coast, Hawaii. Tutorials and workshops will be offered prior to the start of the conference.PSB 2019 will bring together top researchers from the US, the Asian Pacific nations, and around the world to exchange research results and address open issues in all aspects of computational biology. It is a forum for the presentation of work in databases, algorithms, interfaces, visualization, modeling, and other computational methods, as applied to biological problems, with emphasis on applications in data-rich areas of molecular biology.The PSB has been designed to be responsive to the need for critical mass in sub-disciplines within biocomputing. For that reason, it is the only meeting whose sessions are defined dynamically each year in response to specific proposals. PSB sessions are organized by leaders of research in biocomputing's 'hot topics.' In this way, the meeting provides an early forum for serious examination of emerging methods and approaches in this rapidly changing field.

Biocomputing

Author : Douglas W. Smith
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The results of today's genome projects promise enormous medical and agricultural benefits and point to a new predictive approach to the conduct of future research in biology. Biocomputing: Informatics and Genome Projects represents a survey of the needs and objectives of genome projects as of the early 1990's. It provides the groundwork necessary to understand genome-related informatics, including computational and database storage objectives. The book covers four general areas: automated laboratory notebooks, nucleic acid sequence analysis, protein structure, and database activities.

Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing

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Advanced Computational Methods for Biocomputing and Bioimaging

Author : Tuan D. Pham
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Computational models have been playing a significant role for the computer-based analysis of biological and biomedical data. Given the recent availability of genomic sequences and microarray gene expression data, there is an increasing demand for developing and applying advanced computational techniques for exploring these types of data such as functional interpretation of gene expression data, deciphering of how genes and proteins work together in pathways and networks, extracting and analysing phenotypic features of mitotic cells for high throughput screening of novel anti-mitotic drugs. Successful applications of advanced computational algorithms to solving modern life-science problems will make significant impacts on several important and promising issues related to genomic medicine, molecular imaging, and the scientific knowledge of the genetic basis of diseases.

Information Processing and Living Systems

Author : Vladimir B. Baji?
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Information processing and information flow occur in the course of an organism's development and throughout its lifespan. Organisms do not exist in isolation, but interact with each other constantly within a complex ecosystem. The relationships between organisms, such as those between prey or predator, host and parasite, and between mating partners, are complex and multidimensional. In all cases, there is constant communication and information flow at many levels.This book focuses on information processing by life forms and the use of information technology in understanding them. Readers are first given a comprehensive overview of biocomputing before navigating the complex terrain of natural processing of biological information using physiological and analogous computing models. The remainder of the book deals with ?artificial? processing of biological information as a human endeavor in order to derive new knowledge and gain insight into life forms and their functioning. Specific innovative applications and tools for biological discovery are provided as the link and complement to biocomputing.Since ?artificial? processing of biological information is complementary to natural processing, a better understanding of the former helps us improve the latter. Consequently, readers are exposed to both domains and, when dealing with biological problems of their interest, will be better equipped to grasp relevant ideas.

Synthetic Aesthetics

Author : Alexandra Daisy Ginsberg
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As synthetic biology transforms living matter into a medium for making, what is the role of design and its associated values? Synthetic biology manipulates the stuff of life. For synthetic biologists, living matter is programmable material. In search of carbon-neutral fuels, sustainable manufacturing techniques, and innovative drugs, these researchers aim to redesign existing organisms and even construct completely novel biological entities. Some synthetic biologists see themselves as designers, inventing new products and applications. But if biology is viewed as a malleable, engineerable, designable medium, what is the role of design and how will its values apply? In this book, synthetic biologists, artists, designers, and social scientists investigate synthetic biology and design. After chapters that introduce the science and set the terms of the discussion, the book follows six boundary-crossing collaborations between artists and designers and synthetic biologists from around the world, helping us understand what it might mean to 'design nature.' These collaborations have resulted in biological computers that calculate form; speculative packaging that builds its own contents; algae that feeds on circuit boards; and a sampling of human cheeses. They raise intriguing questions about the scientific process, the delegation of creativity, our relationship to designed matter, and, the importance of critical engagement. Should these projects be considered art, design, synthetic biology, or something else altogether? Synthetic biology is driven by its potential; some of these projects are fictions, beyond the current capabilities of the technology. Yet even as fictions, they help illuminate, question, and even shape the future of the field.

Handbook of Research on Computational Grid Technologies for Life Sciences Biomedicine and Healthcare

Author : Cannataro, Mario
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"This book provides methodologies and developments of grid technologies applied in different fields of life sciences"--Provided by publisher.